The supraspinatus tendonitis is an increasingly common and painful pathology.
This pathology, which involves the shoulder, is nothing but an inflammation of the supraspinatus muscle. It can cause very intense pain and functional and motor restraint, even in the most normal movements of daily life, due to its degree of inflammation and tendon calcification.
The main causes of this pathology can be:
- Genetic factors of joint bone shape. A tendon thickening or uneven shoulder shape may compromise normal movements, resulting in inflammation and consequent pain.
- Wrong posture maintained and assimilated over time.
- Previous injuries that, creating scar tissue, hamper the normal muscular, articular and tendon movement.
- The practice of sports that require effort with your arms above your head, especially if repeated, such as volleyball, tennis or weight lifting.
The first, and most important, symptom is undoubtedly the pain.
If the patient experiences acute pain in raising the arm in a range of about 70 ° to about 110 °, movement where the inflammated fibers are crushed by the humerus then we are faced with a tendon inflammation of the supraspinatus. To be assured of this diagnosis, the physician may require an added instrumental test such as ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging, which will show in details the importance of inflammation or possible tendon calcifications.
At the base of the cure there is the need to eliminate the inflammation of the tendon and possibly go to remove calcifications that have been created.
The most used and performing therapies to do this are:
- High power laser to inflate and soothe pain thanks to its deep analgesic and anti-inflammatory action (Bipower Lux – Crystal Yag)
- Radial shock waves which aims to eliminate calcifications, thus increasing mobility, reducing pain due to increased vascularisation with consequent removal of inflammatory factors. (Shock Med)
In the acute phase, total limb rest is often recommended. In the event that such therapies are not sufficient, surgery can also be performed in arthroscopy.