Scientific literature and clinical evidence prove the validity of magnetotherapy as a tool for the stimulation of the healing process of bone fractures, in osteoporosis treatment and in the case of the bone callus delayed formation.
This is possible because magnetotherpy can stimulate 3 biological mechanisms:
- Cell mechanism: action on the cell membrane.
Magnetotherapy acts by re-polarizing the cell structures that after an injury underwent a depolarization.
Depolarization upsets the balance intra/extra cellular (guaranteed by the sodium-potassium pump) which occurs with swelling and inflammation. By acting on the cell mechanism, magnetotherapy acts on the causes as well as on the symptoms.
- Interstitial and tissue mechanism: action on protein molecules present in the connective tissue.
In particular, magnetotherapy acts on proteins contained in collagen. These proteins act as magnets and when stressed by a magnetic field, start a rotation which transforms the physical energy into electrochemical phenomena. Electromagnetic waves are also able of activating the hemoglobin which, for its ferromagnetic nature, is attracted by magnetic fields allowing a greater oxygenation of tissues.
- Tangential mechanism: action on bone tissue.
The electromagnetic waves used in magnetotherapy are non-ionizing waves at low frequency and intensity, which are not absorbed directly by the organs and the biological tissues, but exert a bio-physical influence on the them.
The magnetic field does not produce heat and is able to treat fracture thanks to internal metallic synthesis, as hip or knee prosthesis.
The application of magnetic field is a painless treatment and it does not require the presence of the operator during the session.